FFP2 face masks mandatory in Germany
Bijgewerkt op: 6 apr.
On January 19, the federal and state governments, among other things, tightened the rules for mandatory masks. In the future, in any case, medical face masks, so-called surgical masks, must be worn on public transport and in shops. Masks with the FFP2 standards are even safer. The simple mouth-nose covering is no longer sufficient.
Wearing a mask is also mandatory on Deutsche Bahn trains and on the planes of many airlines. In addition, there are individual arrangements in individual communities, companies and at public events. What is the difference between the different types of masks, how can you recognize a good quality and what should you keep in mind when wearing them?
Medical face masks especially protect against drops
Even in the pre-coronavirus era, many doctors and dentists used a protective mouth-nose mask (NMS). Also known as a surgical, operating or medical face mask, it is made of multi-layer plastic with pleats for a better fit. With an approval according to NEN-EN 14683, this type of mask is considered a medical face mask with a certain filtering capacity. The CE mark on the packaging indicates that the legal quality requirements have been met.
Surgical masks primarily protect other people in the immediate vicinity against droplets that the mask wearer spreads from the mouth and nose when speaking or coughing, for example, and not against aerosols. For the wearer, they provide only a measure of self-protection. Surgical masks are intended for single use, but can be used multiple times if only worn for a short time. Regular replacement is recommended.
Reusing FFP2 masks: drying instead of washing.
FFP masks and surgical masks made of cellulose should not be washed as the filter performance would otherwise be significantly reduced. Although the masks are considered disposable, many experts see no problem in using them several times - up to five times - for private use. Especially if they are only worn for a short time, for example when shopping. After that, they should preferably be hung on a hook and dried at room temperature.
A research project of the University of Applied Sciences and the University of Münster has shown that in FFP2 masks, almost all infectious coronaviruses have disappeared after seven days of drying. The researchers recommend not wearing masks on two consecutive days, but using seven marked masks in succession if possible.
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